Reading: Pp. 19 ~ 26
Christian starts off on his journey to the Celestial City; he meets up with
Obstinate and Pliable on the way to the Wicket Gate. Obstinate finds the
notion of this pilgrimage to be ridiculous, while Pliable agrees to go with
Christian. As they are walking, Pliable and Christian have a conversation, and
talk of the things to come. Pliable eagerly asks Christian, “Do tell me
further of the things that are ahead, what they are like, how they will be
enjoyed, and where we are going.” To answer, Christian says that he will
describe them from his book, the Bible. When asked if he believed the words of
the Bible, Christian says definitely, because it was written by “he who cannot
possibly lie,” meaning God. Proceeding, Christian tells Pliable of the things
to come, saying that there was a kingdom to live in, and everlasting life for
them so that they would live in the kingdom forever. He tells of how they’ll
receive “crowns of glory” and garments that will make them “shine like the sun
in the firmament of Heaven,” and that there will be no more crying or sorrow,
for Christian explains that God will “wipe all tears from their eyes.” The
company there, Christian says, would consist of creatures that will dazzle
your eyes; thousands of similar pilgrims, all loving and holy, “standing in
His presence with everlasting acceptance;” elders with their golden crowns;
the holy virgins with their gold harps; as well as martyrs of God clothed with
garments of immortality. When questioned by Pliable as to how they would enjoy
these things, Christian explains that God has sad, if anyone truly wants these
things, they will receive it freely. Joshua Ma
- What values and
assumptions characterize Mr. Worldly-Wiseman?
What does he
learn from Evangelist about what was wrong with Mr. Worldly-Wiseman's advice?
- How do Worldly
Wiseman, Legality and Civility connect with their names?
To Pilgrim's Progress Main Page
values and assumptions characterize Mr. Worldly-Wiseman? --back to top--
What does he
learn from Evangelist about what was wrong with Mr. Worldly-Wiseman's advice?
(Can you put this in your own words -- i.e., craft an accurate and informative
paraphrase?) --back to top--
- There are three things that Christian learns from Evangelist
that proves that Worldly Wiseman’s advice was wrong. First, he turns
Christian off the correct path to salvation and leads Christian in the wrong
direction. By following what Mr. Worldly Wiseman says, it is the same as
rejecting what the Lord has told Christian to do. Secondly, Mr. Worldly
Wiseman labors to give Christian the cross but no man can have that power to
do so, only God has that power to so. Thirdly, he has no right to lead
Christian on a different path. One that will surely lead Christian to death.
He doesn’t even consider the man that he sent Christian to and how incapable
the man is of removing Christian’s burden. The law cannot justify
Christian’s burdens only God himself can. Emily Lu
- Christian learns from Evangelist that Mr. Worldly-Wiseman’s
advise was guiding him on the wrong path – that it was directing Christian
away from God to people like Legality who claim to be able to take away
Christian’s burden, while, in reality, the law cannot do such things.
Secondly, his advice makes the cross offensive and devalues the gaining of
Christ and the burden, which, in reality, is worth “more than the treasures of
Egypt.” Finally, Evangelist says that Mr. Worldly-Wiseman’s advice will have
actually have brought Christian to his destruction, as Evangelist puts it.
Evangelist also points out that the people Mr. Worldly-Wiseman was advising
Christian to see are frauds: Legality is the son of a serf, not able to help
Christian much, and his son Civility a hypocrite also unable to help.
Evangelist tells Christian that no man can be helped by the law (Legality), as
to the fact that no man can be relieved of his burden, of his sins, by the
deeds of the law. Hence, Legality and Civility can’t help Christian, making
Mr. Worldly-Wiseman’s advice even more horrible to follow, an attempt to
deceive Christian of his salvation. Joshua Ma
- He learns that Mr. Worldly Wiseman’s advice is a
fake, and that it leads people to terrible harm and danger. Jennifer Lee
- Christian learns from Evangelist that Mr. Worldly
Wiseman only turns him away from God’s word but instead leads him toward
death. He also learns that Mr. Worldly Wiseman doesn’t even think about the
person that he is sending Christian to. Not even considering that the man is
not able to help Christian in any way. Samuel Lu
- Christian learns that Mr. Worldly-Wiseman ignores
God counsel during his life, because of his terrible behavior, he never
listens to Evangelist’s words, and he is walking toward the path of death and
anyone who saves Mr. Worldly-Wiseman shall lose their own life. Elaine Lee
- Mr. Worldly-Wiseman is and evildoer who likes to
guide people out of their paths. He claims to know a person in the city past
the hill who can also take away the burden that Christian carries on him. Janna Qiao
- Mr. Worldly Wiseman is the kind of character that
thinks the right way is the wrong way and vice versa. He leads people to the
wrong way, which he assumes is a perfectly safe place when it isn’t. Michelle Lee
How do Worldly Wiseman, Legality and Civility connect with their names? --back to top--
- Worldly Wiseman connects with his name
because his name means being experienced and devoted to advancements, just
like Mr. Worldly Wiseman. He only follows the principles of the world and
only chooses what seems easiest. Legality means observance of the law.
Legality is a man that solves his problems only through the law. Civility
means courteous and polite. Civility is man that talks of what is right but
doesn’t do it himself. He is simply a hypocrite. Emily Lu
- They relate to their names by:
o Worldly Wiseman connects with his name as one who
feels he is very experienced on Earth, one who knows well about the proper
things to do. The name is actually an ironic name, where what the “wise” man
feels is proper is actually only appealing to human nature’s “earthly” and
sinful side, the things that are actually proper being not the things human
nature would find proper, but what God says is proper.
Legality, on the other hand, represents the Law,
which is described as unable to relieve one’s sins. Although the Law can do
many things, through its powers and the legal things it can do, the Law
cannot relieve one of their sins and their “burden,” and is thought of as
a fraud. Thus, Legality is but a fake, one that people believe can ease them
of their burdens, while, in reality, the Legality in the Pilgrim’s Progress is
merely the son of a bonds-woman, or a farmer bound to the land – unable to
Civility, relating to being polite and formal,
represents hypocrisy, showing goodness and sincerity on the outside, yet not
being able to truly help. The son of Legality in the Pilgrim’s Progress,
Civility is just like his father, said to be able to relieve the burdens of a
pilgrim, while actually not being able to do anything at all about it. Joshua
- Mr. Worldly Wiseman- Basically, Mr.
Worldly Wiseman knows the ways to different places, but he lies to people
and tells them the opposite of what they need to know. Mr. Worldly Wiseman
cheated Christian and led him to the wrong path. Mr. Worldly Wiseman never
listens to the advice of wise people, like Evangelist. Also, there is a
document of the earth which he considered ‘worldly’, and he loves this
name is the opposite of what he really is! Like Mr. Worldly Wiseman, Legality
cheats and lies. He probably chose the name ‘Legality’ to lie to people that
he is a good man.Civility- The
son of Legality is also evil and wicked. Like Legality, his name is the total
opposite of what he is. Civility is constantly drunk. Jennifer Lee
The meanings of the characters names
are connected by:
Mr. Worldly Wiseman- is a man that only follows
the principles of the world and his name means devoted to the advancements of
Legality- is a man that solves his problem
through the law and his name means observance of the law.
Civility- is Legality’s son and is a hypocrite.
Although he may be polite speaks of good, he doesn’t follow what’s right.
- Mr. Worldly-Wiseman’s name matches with his name
partly because he only likes the document of earth as for worldly. He likes
the document for it partly saves him from the cross.
name means the state of being real, true, etc. But Legality is a cheat and
tells lies, so I think Legality took that name so people would go to him. Like Legality,
Civility’s name is complete opposite of himself. Civility means politeness
while he is a drunkard and a hypocrite. Elaine Lee
- The three men, Mr. Worldly –Wiseman, Legality,
and Civility, do the opposite or are the opposite of their names They are all
working together to misguide some people. Janna Qiao
- Worldly Wiseman—Worldly means knowing a lot
about society; Worldly Wiseman knows a lot about people and society.
Legality—Legality means something approved by law; Worldly Wiseman approves
Legality. Civility—Civility means polite; Civility is polite, but doesn’t know
much. Michelle Lee
Verses For The Pilgrim’s Progress pgs 19-26
Michelle Lee --back to top--
- 1 Corinthians 7:29-What I mean,
brothers, is that the time is short. From now on those who have wives should
live as if they had none.
- Exodus 19:16,18-On the morning of the
third day there was thunder and lightning, with a thick cloud over the
mountain, and a very loud trumpet blast. Everyone in the camp trembled.
Mount Sinai was covered in smoke, because the Lord descended on it in fire.
The smoke billowed up from it like smoke from a furnace; the whole mountain
- Hebrews 12:21-The sight was so
terrifying that Moses said," I am trembling with fear."
- Hebrews 12:25-See to it that you do not
refuse him who speaks. If they did not escape when they refused him whom
warned them on Earth, how much less will we, if we turn away from him who
warns us from heaven?
- Hebrews 10:38-But my righteous one will
live by faith. And if he shrinks back, I will not be pleased with him.
- Isaiah 6:5-"Woe to me!" I cried. "I am
ruined! For I am a man of unclean lips, and I live among a people with
unclean lips, and my eyes have seen the King, the Lord Almighty."
- Matthew 12:31-And so I tell you, every
sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit
will not be forgiven.
- Mark 3:28-I tells you the truth; all
the sins and blasphemies of men will be forgiven them.
- John 20:27-Then he said to Thomas,"Put
your finger here; see my hands. Reach out your hand and put it into my side.
Stop doubting and believe."
- Luke 13:24-"Make every effort to enter
through the narrow door, because many, I tell you, will try to enter and
many will not be able to.
- Matthew 17:13,14-Then the disciples
understood that he was talking to them about John the Baptist. When they
came to the crowd, a man approached Jesus and knelt before him.
- Hebrews 11:26-He regarded disgrace for
the sake of Christ as of greater value than the treasures of Egypt, because
he was looking ahead to his reward.
- Mark 8:35-For whoever wants to save his
life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for me and for the gospel will
- Luke 14:26-"If anyone comes to me and
does not hate his father or mother, his wife and children, his brothers and
sisters—yes, even his own life—he cannot be my disciple.
- Galatians 4:21-31-Tell me, you who want
to be under the law, are you not aware of what the law says? For it is
written that Abraham had two sons, one by the slave woman and the other by
the free woman. His son by the slave woman was born by the ordinary way; but
his son by the free woman was born as the result of a promise. These things
may be taken figuratively, for the women represent covenants. One covenant
is from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be slaves: This is Hagar.
Now Hagar represents Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present
city of Jerusalem, because she is in slavery with her children. But the
Jerusalem that is above is free, and she is our mother. For it is written:
"Be glad, O barren woman, who bears no children; break forth and cry aloud,
you who have no labor pains; because more are the children of the desolate
woman than of her who has a husband." Now you, brothers, like Isaac, are
children of promise. At that time the son born in the ordinary way
persecuted the son born by the power of the Spirit. It is the same now. But
what does the Scripture say? "Get rid of the slave woman and her son, for
the slave woman’s son will never share in the inheritance with the free
woman’s son." Therefore, brothers, we are not children of the slave woman,
but of the free woman.
- Galatians 3:10-All who rely on
observing the law are under a curse, for it is written: "Cursed is everyone
who does not continue to follow the Book of the Law."
- Psalms 2:12-Kiss the
Son, lest he be angry and you be destroyed in his way, for his wrath can
flare up in a moment. Blessed are all who take refuge in him.
Lesson 3 Vocabulary Angela Zhou
--back to top--
1. Hearken - listen
2. Beshrew - curse (archaic)
3. Wayside - the side of a path
4. Blasphemies - insulting or hating of God.
5. Odious - deserving hatred
6. Ministration - ministering